In CEP 810 this week, I have been asked to write an essay that explores what I know about learning and understanding. My full essay can be found here and is influenced by my reading of Bransford, Brown and Cocking’s (2000) How People Learn (online version here). To summarize, experts and novices learn differently. Therefore, it is important that teachers understand how people learn so that methods that support and foster learning and understanding can be applied. To start, teachers must build on prior knowledge, increase student motivation, organize learning around big ideas, help conditionalize knowledge, and engage students in metacognition. When used correctly, these approaches will help achieve an understanding that can be transferred to new settings.